Manufacturing is the foundation of a country and the foundation of a strong country. The high-quality development of the manufacturing industry is the top priority for the high-quality development of China's economy. The 14th Five Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development of the People's Republic of China and the Outline of Long Range Objectives for 2035, adopted at the Fourth Session of the 13th National People's Congress, has made arrangements for cultivating advanced manufacturing clusters. Promoting the high-quality development of manufacturing clusters is a systematic project. It is not only necessary to focus on key tasks, focus on problems and shortcomings, but also to deepen the understanding of laws, coordinate the domestic and international situations, and accelerate the optimization of the collaborative system supporting the high-quality development of manufacturing clusters.
一、We will promote the establishment of a coordinated development system for the industrial chain and innovation chain of manufacturing clusters
The industrial chain needs to upgrade the modernization level with innovation, and the innovation chain needs to improve the overall efficiency through the industrial chain remodeling. The synergy of industrial chain innovation chain is one of the keys to promote the high-quality development of manufacturing clusters. China's manufacturing clusters still have the pain points of low-end industrial chain locking, innovation chain fragmentation, industrial development and technological innovation "two skins". To promote the high-quality development of manufacturing clusters, it is urgent to establish a collaborative system of industrial chain and innovation chain of manufacturing clusters. First, at the national level, the "industrial chain + innovation chain" coordinated development action plan can be implemented. On the basis of combing and refining the iconic industrial chain and innovation chain of China's manufacturing cluster, promote close cooperation between enterprises, universities and research institutes, take the major needs and key links of the industrial chain and innovation chain as the guidance, focus on basic research, technology development and industrial application demonstration, and promote the efficient integration of production, learning, research and high-quality resources. Build a number of high-level platforms such as national manufacturing innovation centers, improve and strengthen the independent, controllable, safe and efficient iconic industrial chain, and enhance the overall value of the industrial chain innovation chain. The second is to create a manufacturing cluster industrial chain and innovation chain collaborative alliance at the provincial level. It can be tried first in the industrial chain of key areas of manufacturing such as new generation information communication, integrated circuits, and construction machinery manufacturing. Relying on the industrial chain of the cluster, the alliance effectively connects innovation entities such as enterprises, universities and research institutes on the innovation chain. Promote horizontal integration between and among enterprises in the industrial chain, and promote the free flow and sharing of innovation factors within the cluster. Promote the dual coupling of the needs of innovation and production entities, carry out scientific and technological research for the middle and high-end links of manufacturing, accelerate the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, and improve the modernization of industrial chain and supply chain.
二、Establish a manufacturing cluster governance system with government guidance, voluntary organization and Chinese characteristics
The new round of industrial revolution has strengthened the network trend of industrial development, which has become the key to cluster governance. To cultivate advanced manufacturing clusters at a higher level, it is necessary to change the relationship between the current relatively loose cluster actors and form a cluster network organization based on the concept of community of destiny. To promote the high-quality development of manufacturing clusters, it is necessary to build a manufacturing cluster network community with Chinese characteristics. First, in terms of governance form and function, it adopts the way of government guidance and voluntary organization to achieve the integration and coordination of government and department public governance, cluster organization co-governance, enterprise-level governance and industry invisible norms, and improve the efficiency and synergy of cluster action. Second, in terms of organizational structure, it is led by key industrial technology alliances, manufacturing backbone enterprises, industry associations, scientific research institutes, universities, and other units to participate in the construction and construction. Third, in the specific implementation, in the new generation of information and communication, integrated circuits, construction machinery manufacturing and other key manufacturing clusters to try to establish a number of landmark cluster network communities.
三、Build a financial system to support the high-quality development of manufacturing clusters
The manufacturing industry is an important foundation of the real economy, the financial industry to fulfill the responsibility of serving the real economy and supporting the transformation and upgrading of the real economy, the key point is to provide accurate and efficient financial services for the manufacturing industry. In order to solve the problem of poor circulation of capital elements in the manufacturing industry and promote the high-quality development of manufacturing clusters, it is necessary to accelerate the construction of financial system supporting the development of manufacturing clusters. First, step up the introduction of special policies for financial support for manufacturing clusters, and lead the development of financial support for manufacturing clusters with the design of institutional systems at the national level. The second is to build an online platform for comprehensive financial services in various provinces and cities, speed up the function iteration and application promotion of the platform, and empower the development of manufacturing clusters, guided by improving data quality, optimizing information sharing methods, and improving the docking efficiency of capital supply and demand sides. The third is to take multiple measures at the same time, focusing on tapping the effective credit demand of manufacturing enterprises, increasing the proportion of direct financing of manufacturing enterprises, reducing the financing cost of manufacturing enterprises, and creating a good financing environment for manufacturing enterprises, to promote the innovation of financial products and financial services based on the characteristics of manufacturing clusters.
四、We will establish a development system for promoting development in steps and implementing policies in groups
In the process of constructing the new development pattern of double cycle with domestic big cycle as the main body, how to avoid disorderly competition and obtain new competitive advantages is a problem that needs to be paid attention to for the high-quality development of manufacturing clusters. To solve this problem, it is necessary to construct a manufacturing cluster development system based on the hierarchical, specialized and characteristic development of the cluster. First, promote the development of manufacturing clusters in steps. For the world-class advanced manufacturing cluster to be cultivated, it will become a professional, high standard and influential international economic and trade cooperation and exchange platform; For the national advanced manufacturing cluster cultivation objects, strengthen the policy chain, service chain, and talent chain guarantee efforts to promote continued development and growth. Second, accelerate the introduction and implementation of the cultivation of a number of world-class manufacturing clusters. Grouping ” The special action plan establishes the characteristic development direction and accelerates the value chain and competitive advantage in the key manufacturing clusters such as the new generation of information communication, integrated circuits, and construction machinery manufacturing. The third is the reference “ Chain length system ” Practice, explore and implement advanced manufacturing clusters “ Group length system ” Establish an overall coordination mechanism at the national and provincial levels, strengthen the efficient management and precise service of the cluster, and promote the specialized and characteristic development of the cluster.
五、We will improve the international cooperation system commensurate with the building of a strong manufacturing country
To build a new development pattern with the domestic great cycle as the main body and the domestic and international double cycle promoting each other, the meaning of the problem is to attract global resource elements with the domestic great cycle, make full use of both domestic and international markets and resources, and promote domestic industries and enterprises to deeply embed the global industrial chain and innovation chain restructuring. To promote the high-quality development of manufacturing clusters, continuous efforts should be made to improve the international cooperation system of manufacturing clusters. First, relying on the advantages of the Chinese headquarters of the Global Manufacturing Cooperation Alliance has been launched, to accelerate the construction of China's world-class advanced manufacturing international service system. The second is to take international cooperation as a reference index to evaluate the achievements of the construction of world-class advanced manufacturing clusters and national manufacturing clusters. Third, support manufacturing cluster enterprises to list and issue bonds overseas, encourage and support competitive enterprises, especially listed companies, to obtain well-known brands, high-tech, marketing channels, high-end talents and other resources in developed markets in Europe and the United States through overseas mergers and acquisitions. Fourth, enterprises in manufacturing clusters are encouraged to establish overseas research and development centers and overseas financial service platforms to enhance their international development capabilities. The fifth is to guide foreign investment to participate in the construction of China's manufacturing clusters, attracting well-known overseas universities, research and development institutions, multinational companies to set up global or regional research and development centers in China.
六、Build a monitoring and evaluation system based on the big data platform of manufacturing clusters
Industrial big data will become the core competitiveness of intelligent manufacturing in the era of big data. From the development experience of the world's world-class advanced manufacturing cluster, it can effectively improve the management efficiency and development quality of the manufacturing cluster by building a shared information platform to realize the monitoring and evaluation of the manufacturing cluster. To promote the high-quality development of manufacturing clusters, it is necessary to accelerate the construction of a monitoring and evaluation system based on the big data platform of manufacturing clusters. First, China's development of digital economy, promote the deep integration of digital economy and real economy as an opportunity to build a manufacturing cluster big data platform, and timely track and monitor the development of manufacturing clusters. The second is to focus on the independent innovation, technological transformation and backbone enterprise cultivation of manufacturing enterprises, and accelerate the research and construction of an assessable, quantifiable and dynamic advanced manufacturing cluster index system and comprehensive evaluation system reflecting China's characteristics. Third, explore the establishment of a step-by-step statistics and regular reporting system for the development of manufacturing clusters, and regularly organize third-party institutions to evaluate the development of manufacturing clusters.
The article is transferred from Shangguan News Author: Guangming Network
Column chief editor：Gu Wanquan Zhangwu
Text editing：Dong Siyun